The Secretariat for International Forestry Issues
FAO and IUFRO discussed actions on the sustainable management of forests in relation to water
A report about opportunities and challenges for sustainable forest management – FAO FORESTRY PAPER 173
This report look at the reality of multiple-use forest management. It is based on case studies in the Amazon Basin, the Congo Basin and Southeast Asia, and a Web-based survey. The result shows that some patterns are global but that there are also regional peculiarities. This review gives new insights into how to improve multiple-use forest management plans and practices on the ground, and how to use the concept to promote stakeholder dialogue on a range of policy, institutional, technical and social issues.
The report is the product of a collaborative effort led by FAO and the Center for International Forestry research.
Rapporten nedan bygger i huvudsak på projektarbeten gjorda av årskurs 2012/2014 som förberedelse till resan till Kina 2013. Rapporten ger en lättillgänglig bakgrundsinformation om Kinas kultur, ekonomi, politik, handel och företagande. I de därpå följande kapitlen redogörs för skogsresurser, mark- och skogskonflikter, efterfrågan och produktion av bioenergi, sågade trävaror, träbaserade skivor samt slutligen papper, kartong och pappersmassa.
Landscape transformation and restoration
To learn from failures as well as successes is crucial if programmes for landscape transformation and restoration are to succeed. The Nordic model, with stable institutions, markets and clear rules for the actors based on a democratic system, creates a stable ground for the development of a successful tenure system.
Material previously unavailable
This report describes the tenure development in Sweden during the last 500 years, using mainly Swedish-language material previously unavailable to an international readership. The aim is to identify different actors and stages of the development, using possession rights and non-exclusive user rights as a point of departure.
Lessons learned from a dramatic transition
It is clear that private ownership of forest is a contributing factor to the success of the Nordic forestry model. A closer look reveals a partly dramatic transition from the tenure forms of traditional society into present-day forms – and today the ownership model is again contested. Once secure in their tenure, the peasants started exploiting the now valuable timber resource, and later, more reluctantly, began to employ modern management methods in spite of the extremely long investment horizon in northern silviculture.
Syftet med rapporten var att beskriva a) vad i utvecklingen i Bai bang som lett till att få konflikter har uppstått samt b) att diskutera vilka framtida utmaningar som finns för att ett framgångsrikt brukandesystem ska kunna bibehållas. Projektarbetet är skrivet av studenter från Skogsindustriell ekonomi i Uppsala.
FOREST PLANPLANTATIONS AND WOODLOTS IN EASTERN AND NORTH EASTERN AFRICAN COUNTRIES – A regional overview
The purpose of the study was to analyse and report on the current status, challenges, opportunities and options for developing, as well as ensuring better management of, existing forest plantations and woodlots in the region. Another purpose has been to highlight the potential of the forest plantations and woodlots sub-sector to become an attractive option for both the public and private sector investments, including to individual farmers. Other aspects which, in various ways, influence sustainable forest management (SFM) were also studied. These include forest and tree tenure, incentives, wood supply and demand, forest royalties and other revenues, processing of produce and socio-economic and environmental contributions of forests. It is hoped that the information contained in this report will be useful for effective planning of future interventions geared towards better and sustainable management of forest plantations and woodlots in the study region.
Restoration of degraded forests is very high on the agenda. If programmes for restoration are to succeed on a large scale we must try to learn from both successes and failures. Many plantation projects in the South run into social problems that attract attention in the domestic and international media. Many argue that the best solution is to engage farmers in production, but this is also a real challenge.
This report is part of the project “Experiences from Vietnam” at the Secretariat for International Forestry Issues (SIFI) at The Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry (KSLA). The purpose of the work is to summarise parts of the experience available regarding the development of farm based forestry in Northern Vietnam and particularly near the pulp and paper mill Bai Bang. The report gives a reader, not familiar with the unique development, an introduction to the history of Bai Bang and its importance for rural development and reforestation of Northern Vietnam. The report will also highlight today’s Vietnam from various factors that may have a future impact on the progress made both near Bai Bang and the rest of Northern Vietnam. Lessons learned from Bai Bang may also be used in other parts of the world.